Javelin throwing is an unbelievably technical event. Contrary to our hammer, discus and shot placing counterparts, we don’t rely so much on muscle and strength as excellent rhythm and coordination! It’s the combination of many many little things which makes the Javelin go farther! Despite that ANYBODY can throw the javelin if they have the right information.
The purpose of Throwing Javelin:
The whole purpose of throwing Javelin would be to see who can throw it the farthest from the throw line, without crossing the throw line and ensuring the point lands before the tail. The point doesn’t have to stick into the ground – the front end simply needs to hit the ground before the back end.
Clearly to be a javelin thrower you need a javelin. In addition, you should look into getting yourself a pair of heel spikes.
JAVELIN: If you’re just starting out, you should check with your local athletics teams. Being able to use a club Javelin not only saves you forking out for your own but will also allow you to get started faster and get a feel for the event.
When choosing a Javelin to use there are two major factors: The right weight for your age group/gender. The typical weight for women is 600grammes and for Men is 800grammes. Javelins are also generally available in 400, 500 and 700gram weights too. Some stockists also have special children’s dimensions and foam training aids that (look a bit like 3 foot rockets however ) can be used INDOORS! International standards. The main concern here is centre of gravity. Some older versions of Javelin aren’t approved for competition. Always check the competition rules.
Javelin SPIKES: All these are vital in order to prevent slipping and also to generate the thrust you need when planting your foot. Without spikes in the mind you risk slipping which could be very dangerous with enough momentum behind you and especially if there has been any rain. This is a very economical solution if you already have a pair of spikes.
There are three commonly used grips for throwing the javelin.
- Hold the Javelin in the palm of the hand between your index and middle finger. Your finger tips of these two fingers should be against the top of the cord grip. Hold the Javelin in the palm of you hand with you index finger against the top of the cord grip. Hold the Javelin in the palm of your hand with your middle finger against the surface of the cord grip and your index finger directly along the Javelin itself.
For CHILDREN I would advise the first one as it provides greater stability for holding the javelin and also helps keep the throw directly on release.
For ADULTS, however, I would advise the remaining two. When you release a javelin through a throw, there’s a spinning motion which helps propel the javelin through the air. This is best achieved with less obstruction in the fingers.
The whole point is that it’s a javelin throw, not a bowl, not a throw, not a heave. A throw!
As such your momentum comes not out of your arm or your hand but from your TOES! That’s right from your toes through your foot, your ankle, Round Rock Wildlife Removal, your knee, your HIP, your torso, your shoulder and then your arm, hand and finally your palms!
It’s a whole body workout!
The best way to understand the throw positioning is to begin from the bottom up:
FEET: Stand sideways to the throw line with your left foot nearest the line (for right-hand throwers, left-hand throwers do opposite) and feet shoulder width apart. Face your BODY into the side while your HEAD is turned to face the throwing direction.
ARMS: Set your left arm out to your side at shoulder level virtually pointing in the direction of the throw. Hold the javelin in your right hand and lift your hand out to your side until it is just above head height. The point of the javelin should be at your eye level. Your entire body is in a straight line!
From this starting position, lean back on your right foot and have a step forward with your left foot turning it so that your feet are facing the throw direction. Keep your weight on your foot. Then lift your right heel and start to turn in your right toes – your ankle will turn then your knee will follow, then through your hip. You will get to a stage where your hips are both facing the throw direction but all the while you have to attempt to maintain your upper body posture, i.e. your right arm is still straight out behind you and torso facing sideways.
Now you can let your right arm come through. Firstly, you allow your shoulder to return and then your elbow will come through. Inevitably it will bend but attempt to minimise this by allowing it to come through around head height and make sure that it faces forward.
Eventually your hand comes into play and at launch allow the javelin to rotate from your hand. What I mean is that as you throw your hand uncurls and the final part of your body to touch the javelin is the top of your index finger!
During this movement, your left arm remains out in front. Its purpose is to act as a block. Remember you will need to stop before the throw line and your left side remains firm to stop you falling forward too.